Thursday, February 19, 2015

Gestiunea riscului

Un trader trebuie sa aiba intotdeauna responsabilitate, si sa isi controleze impulsurile de moment care ii pot aduce castigur exagerate dar il pot si ruina. Pe nici o piata financiara nu exista nimic sigur. Indiferent cat de evidenta ar parea o situatie, exista riscul ca evolutia sa nu fie cea preconizata.

Sunt cunoscute situatii in care brokeri de renume mondial au mizat totul pe o operatiune aparent sigura si au pierdut. Exista banci care au dat faliment datorita unor astfel de brokeri iresponsabili. Chiar daca unii dintre ei au avut performante excelente in trecut si au analizat corect situatia, a fost suficienta o doza mare de ghinion pentru ca totul sa se naruie.

Asa cum pe bursele de valori se recomanda o diversificare a portofoliului, exista anumite principii de gestiune a riscului si pe piata valutara.

Regula de baza a tranzactionarii la bursa este "Don't invest money you can't afford to lose" (Nu investiti bani pe care nu va permiteti sa-i pierdeti). Investitia la bursa trebuie facuta din bani care nu au ca destinatie cheltuieli pe termen scurt sau mediu. O eventuala pierdere a intregii investitii nu trebuie sa afecteze in nici un fel nivelul de trai al investitorului.

Pentru a limita riscul pe bursa valutara, traderii cu experienta recomanda folosirea a maxim 3% din banii alocati tranzactionarii pe o singura operatiune. Astfel, in cazul in care operatiunea se va incheia in pierdere, bugetul destinat tranzactionarii pe piata valutara nu va fi puternic afectat. Si cei mai buni traderi au perioade in care cele mai multe tranzactii sunt in pierdere. O astfel de strategie limiteaza pierderea in situatiile neplacute, si permite o redresare ulterioara.

Recomandarea de 3% este valabila in primul rand pentru cei care trnactioneaza pe sume mari. Cei care investesc sume mici pot risca si 10% sau chiar mai mult pe o operatiune, asta in cazul in care isi permit sa realimenteze contul de la brokerul forex dupa o eventuala pierdere. Si in cazul acestora, recomandarea ramane valabila in ceea ce priveste totalul disponibilitatii banesti pentru astfel de investitii.

Sa presupunem ca doriti sa investiti maxim 2000 USD pe piata valutara, insa preferati sa incepeti printr-un depozit de 200 USD la brokerul forex ales. In mod evident nu veti folosi doar 3% din 200 ($6) pe o operatiune. Gestiunea riscului va recomanda totusi sa nu folositi mai mult de 3% din $2000 ($60) pe o singura operatiune.

Nerespectand nici o strategie de gestiune a riscului puteti castiga sume mari de bani, dar puteti oricand sa ramaneti cu contul gol. Traderii care nu au nici o strategie in ceea ce priveste riscul sunt mai degraba gambleri decat investitori.

O alta recomndare in gestiunea riscului este folosirea unei strategii consecvente de stop-loss / take-profit pe toate operatiunile. O astfel de strategie ar putea suna in felul urmator: operatiunea se inchide fie cu o pierdere de $50, fie cu un castig de $100. In cazul unei astfel de strategii, este suficient sa castigati mai mult de o treime din operatiuni si veti obtine profit.

Toti brokerii forex recomandati de noi la sectiunea brokeri ofera posibilitatea plasarii unor astfel de ordine, precum si o flexibilitate sporita in ceea ce priveste gestiunea riscului si a banilor din contul dvs.


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M Samer Al Reifae
Official Representative in Romania at HiWayFX
http://lordoftruth.blogspot.com
samer@hiwayfxglobal.com
+40 734 277 757

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M Samer Al Reifae
Official Representative in Romania at HiWayFX
http://lordoftruth.blogspot.com
samer@hiwayfxglobal.com
+40 734 277 757


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TO BUY OR SELL GOLD OR ANY OTHER INVESTMENT VEHICLE LISTED. 
 Do your own due diligence. 
No one knows tomorrow's price or circumstance. 
 I intend to portray my thoughts and ideas on the subject which may s be used as a tool for the reader. 
I do not accept responsibility for being incorrect in my speculations on market trend. 
 King Regards